Prof. Russell's research focuses on the ocean's role in climate. Her main focus has been on the Southern Ocean, which accounts for up to half of the annual oceanic uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and for about 70% of the excess heat that is transferred from the atmosphere into the ocean each year. The functioning of the Southern Ocean is intimately tied to the strength and position of the westerly winds, so a significant part of her research has been uncovering the climatic factors that determine the strength and latitudinal position of these winds. She uses the latest global coupled climate models and the latest Earth System Models to address the critical problems in climate science (in the present, the near and longer-term future, the recent past, and the deep past). Prof. Russell’s earlier work on the westerly winds led to her greatest research accomplishment so far: the creation of a new paradigm in climate science, namely that warmer climates produce stronger westerly winds. This insight solved one of the long-standing climate paradoxes, the mechanism responsible for transferring one-third of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere into the ocean and then back out again during our repeated glacial-interglacial cycles. Prof. Russell continues active collaboration with the GFDL Earth System Model and Climate Model Development Teams, and is currently serving as a member of the U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Steering Group and as a member of the international CLIVAR/CliC/SCAR Southern Ocean Region Panel
Offering Research Opportunities?
Calculus, Introduction to Oceanography
Geosciences, Physics, Engineering, Chemistry, Math, Applied Math
Types of Opportunities
Description of Opportunity
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